There has been a huge focus in the last few years on what kids are doing during small group time when they're not working with the teacher. This hit me like a lightning bolt after reading the Daily 5 about eight years ago. BUT . . .
What about those little people sitting in front of us? One of my favorite resources for answering that question is this book by Debbie Diller:
Here are SOME of the lists and charts in this book:
She does include lesson plan templates, but you know how teachers are-I had to make my own. First, I made a master list of the concepts and areas of focus. It helped me to see a big picture of all all the things good readers do. I used that list to plan my lessons for the week. You can grab my list here.
Basically, you need to get on Amazon and order this book. This year I will be working only with small groups for reading and math and will be planning my reading groups this way. I wish there was a matching math small group book!